Joseph E. Johnston Surrenders to William T. Sherman

On April 26, 1865 CSA General Joseph E. Johnston officially surrendered his Confederate Army of Tennessee to US Major General William T. Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina.  This official surrender followed an armistice that was signed by Johnston on April 18.  The orginal surrender was not accepted by the recently inaugurated president, Andrew Johnson, because it included terms that were political in nature which had not been authorized by the Federal government.  Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant would travel to North Carolina and counsel Sherman on the final surrender – one which only dealt with the military capitulation of the Army of Tennessee.  Grant, not wanting to embarrass his friend, allowed Sherman to provide the terms and accept Johnston’s surrender.

The surrender of the Army of Tennessee extinguished any hope of Confederate independence.  While additional Confederate armies were still active in the Western Theater, Johnston’s Army of Tennessee was the last large organized fighting force.  This army saw bloody action at some of the most brutal battles in the west: Stones River, Chickamauga, Chattanooga (Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain), the Atlanta Campaign, Franklin, Nashville and the Carolinas Campaign.  It would have several commanders: Braxton Bragg, Joe Johnston and John Bell Hood.  The battles of Franklin and Nashville would decimate the proud army.  While losing more battles than it won, it was not so much due to the fighting elan of the men, but rather poor decisions made by its commanders.  Many of the most celebrated general officers of the Confederacy held important commands in this army including Patrick Cleburne, Nathan Bedford Forrest, James Longstreet, Stephen D. Lee and Alexander P. Stewart.

About Michael Noirot

I grew up in the Central Illinois farming community, of Dunlap. Growing up, I played sports, tinkered with cars and enjoyed photography. While I did well in school, I did not become passionate about history until my early 30's. I have built a large library, of books on early America, politics and the Civil War. I am an avid reader. Fortunately, I have had plenty of opportunities to travel, over the years, and have been to most of the Civil War battlefields. I work while I travel, so more often than not, I am up, in the middle of the night, to get sunrise pictures, or I will be out until well after dark, exploring Civil War battlefields. I have other hobbies, and passions, that I really enjoy. Number one on the list would be guitar. I play my guitars on a regular basis, and enjoy the Bluegrass, and Contemporary Christian (CCM) genres. I play a style of guitar, called FLATPICKING, where using a flat pick, you play lead solos, similar to the way a fiddle would have been played during the 19th and early 20th Centuries. Laura, my wife, and I also enjoy scuba diving, travel and spending time at our property, in the country. Lastly, we spend as much time with our families, as possible. Thanks for stopping by.
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One Response to Joseph E. Johnston Surrenders to William T. Sherman

  1. JWG says:

    Just to add a few notes to this important event of the end of the American Civil War, the surrender negotiations took place at the farm of James and Nancy Bennett, which is now a North Carolina State Historic Site. Nearly 40 acres of the original farm are preserved. There is a visitor center and the reconstructed Bennett Farm.

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